X

Ocelot

Leopardus pardalis

  • Meet our new ocelot kitten, Maya!

 

About the Ocelot

statusImg.Name

Geographic Range:

rangeImg.Name

Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Leopardus
Species: pardalis

These predatory cats have striking coats of fur marked with both black spots and rosettes. They're primarily nocturnal, solitary animals. They hunt during the day and are very secretive, keeping to areas of dense brush or other heavy cover.

Ocelot Facts

Appearance:
An ocelot’s fur is short haired and marked with both black spots and rosettes. Their base color ranges from grayish to reddish brown. Their stomachs tend to be lighter or white in color. Two black lines run down the length of both sides of their face and the tail is marked with black bands.

Size:
Length: 5.8 to 8.7 feet
Weight: Males average 25 pounds, females average 20 pounds

Diet:
Ocelots prey upon small to medium-sized mammals, birds, amphibians and reptiles.

Reproduction:
Ocelots breed year round but especially from September to November. After a gestation period ranging from 79 to 85 days, females give birth to one to three young. Females take care of the young alone and sexual maturity is reached around 15 months (for males) to 18 months (for females).

Behavior:
Ocelots are generally solitary, nocturnal animals. If forced to hunt during the day, they keep to areas of dense underbrush. Their spots help break up their body outline and resemble the pattern that sunlight makes on the ground through the forest's canopy. A male’s territory overlaps several adjacent female territories. They use scent marks to mark the borders of their territories. They climb down trees headfirst to keep their eyes on the surrounding area.

Habitat/Range:
Ocelots range throughout humid rainforests of southwest Texas to Paraguay and northern Argentina.

Median Life Expectancy:
14 years

Threats:
Ocelots are currently threatened by habitat loss and the illegal trade of pelts and cubs.