Bos taurus indicus
About the Pygmy Zebu
Species: taurus indicus
Pygmy Zebu Facts
Pygmy zebu are small cattle that can be black, brown or grey with white accents. They have a large hump on their back, loose skin hanging from their neck called a dewlap and ears that droop down. Similar to camels, zebu’s humps store fat that can be used for nutrients if food is scarce.
42 inches at the shoulder
Zebu enjoy chewing on any grasses they can get their teeth into. They graze for eight hours a day interspersed with resting and chewing cud.
Female zebu reach maturity by 18 months and remain fertile for 12 years thereafter. After a nine-month gestation period, they usually give birth to one baby at a time but will occasionally have twins.
Zebu are very social mammals, and they maintain a dominance hierarchy. To call other members of their herd, zebu emit a “moo” call. Like other cattle, zebu have specialized muscles that allow the skin to twitch rapidly. This helps stop insects from landing and biting the cows.
Pygmy zebu are native to Sri Lanka, but may also be found in Caucasus, East Africa and Thailand.
Median Life Expectancy:
Over 20 years